The latest article on Open Access(OA) in the Conversation by Danny Kingsley summarises the differences between the NHMRC and ARC policies on OA. It also gives a great introduction to OA, what it is, why we should care about it, and how it is likely to be achieved in Australia. Read: What is open access and why should we care?
The ARC has announced a new Open Access Policy, which takes effect from the 1st January 2013.
According to this new policy the ARC requires that any publications arising from an ARC supported research project must be deposited into an open access institutional repository within a twelve (12) month period from the date of publication.
It differs from the NHMRC Open Access Policy, in that it will not be applied retrospectively to existing funded research.
The policy commences on 1 January 2013, but the first publications
are not potentially due to be made available in an institutional repository
until after 1 January 2014.
The policy will be incorporated into all new Funding Rules and Agreements released after 1 January 2013. It will not be applied retrospectively to pre-existing Funding Rules and Agreements.
The aim of ARC's Policy is to ensure that the findings of publicly funded research are made available to the wider public as soon as possible. Both the research community and the public gain from knowledge derived from ARC funded research, and both wish to derive maximum benefit from these outputs.
Commentaries on the policy…..
15 Jan 2013 - What is open access and why should we care?
Museum Metadata Exchange is an excellent discovery tool for researchers wishing to explore Australian museums and institutional collections. It offers descriptions and links to a wide range of collections throughout Australia.
A snapshot of the different collections you can discover in this valuable search tool:
National - The Australian National Maritime Museum including, Australian Indigenous burial rituals or 19th century immigrant journals and songs.
Queensland - Allora District and Historical Society Heritage Buildings or The Queensland Museum including, Olympic and Commonwealth games memorabilia or Queensland Railways crockery and cutlery collection.
To discover more go to Museum Metadata Exchange.
The BASE search engine is designed to find academic open access resources. BASE is operated by the Bielefeld University Library. BASE provides an excellent 'Advanced Search' facility with options to limit by country, document type and publication year. Searches can be refined by content provider, subject and sorted by relevance. Records can also be checked on Google Scholar or directly exported to your referencing software.
BASE, OAIster and OpenDOAR are other examples of directories harvesting repositories using the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) protocol. The Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR) lists open access repositories around the world; it's interesting to search by country and by deposit activity.
Tropical Data Hub is a specialist data repository for tropical dataset.
The repository is organised within specific research fields including:
- State of the tropics.
- People and societies in the tropics.
- Industries and economies in the tropics.
- Tropical health, medicine and biosecurity.
- Tropical ecosystems, conservation and climate change.
For further information search the map and find the data.
Dryad is an international data repository in the basic and applied biosciences. The goal of the repository is to preserve all the underlying data reported in a paper at the time of publications. Recognising the emerging trend of data citation, this is an excellent example of a repository supporting the management of data and sharing. See the November 2011 blog on Dryad for further information.
Thomson Reuters has announced the release of the Data Citation Index. The index will be hosted on the Web of Knowledge platform, and will become available in late 2012.
The Data Citation Index will incorporate content from datasets deposited in repositories around the world, and will cover the social sciences, physical sciences, life sciences, arts and humanities. The Index will capture bibliographic records and cited references, which will facilitate the measurement of impact in digital research.
In addition, Thomson Reuters believe the Index will provide 'a more comprehensive view of scholarly output' and 'speed up the research process'.
The Getty Research Portal provides global access to digitised art history texts in the public domain. The catalogue is multilingual, and provides an open access platform from which to search and download digital copies of publications in the scholarly areas of art, architecture, material culture and other fields.
The Portal was developed by the Getty Research Institute in collaboration with a range of libraries, including contributions from the Metopolitan Museum of Art and the Heidelberg University Library.
The Portal widens access to rare resources, and is of benefit to those researchers without easy access to art history libraries and museums. Access the Getty Research Portal at: http://portal.getty.edu/portal/landing.
In early June, the Repositories Support Project (RSP) held an interesting and well-received event on "Scholarly Communications: New Developments in Open Access." The event was attended by librarians, repositories specialists, research officers and copyright consultants. Presentations were held on open access, social media, data citation, and research networking.
You can view the presentations by
downloading Powerpoints, or watching YouTube videos of the
Future events include webinars on "Repositories: management, policies and best practices" and "Bibliometrics: A way of demonstrating the importance of institutional research".
RSP is a JISC-funded initiative to build "repository capacity, knowledge and skills within UK higher education institutions. The project aim is to "progress the vision of a deployed network of interoperable repositories for academic papers, learning materials and research data across the UK."
The British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC) is a United Kingdom national facility designed to hold, manage and distribute data concerning the marine environment. Data holdings include biological, chemical, physical and geophysical data, containing measurements of nearly 22,000 different variables.
BODC describes their approach to marine data management as:
- Careful storage, quality control and archiving of data - so that data are unaffected by changes in technology and will be available into the future.
- Distributing data to scientists, education, industry and the public - with a goal to enable online access to all data via the web site.
- Working alongside scientists during marine research projects - to provide a data management service during the life time of the project.
BODC holds a wealth of publicly accessible marine data under the provision of licence agreements. Read more about:
- Submitting, requesting and retrieving data.
- Data management services
- UK, European and International projects at BODC.
- The Published Data Library (PDL), which is an operational prototype that provides snapshots of specially chosen data sets, archived using rigorous version management. This enables citation of the data set in journal papers through the assignment of a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) in collaboration with the British Library.
The Atlas of Living Australia (Atlas) contains information on all the known species in Australia aggregated from a wide range of data providers: museums, herbaria, community groups, government departments, individuals and universities. The Atlas is the Australian node of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), and since 2001 the GBIF has been encouraging free and open access to biodiversity data through global online networks.
The Atlas of Living Australia can be used to:
- access information pages for each species containing photos, descriptions, maps and observations
- access scientific and common names
- explore the flora and fauna reported around your neighbourhood
- learn about Australia's biodiversity collections at museums, herbaria and other institutions
- learn about citizen science projects
- map, analyse and visualise biodiversity and environmental data and trends
- access tools to help track changes in biodiversity and the environment
- download and use open source tools
- download biodiversity data
- access images, literature and genetic information through Australian nodes of international data repositories
- volunteer for digitisation projects
- Upload datasets.
There are 370 datasets available in the Atlas, and the licensing tags make it clear which data can be used and how. The site also provides extensive explanatory information and help pages, including overviews on how data are integrated and described.
The Atlas of Living Australia is an Australian Government Initiative and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License.
The Edgar Allan Poe Digital Collection is a digital goldmine for Poe enthusiasts, students and researchers looking for primary sources, and writers and artists who want to dig deeper into Poe's life and work and see original, hand-written poems. The collection contains manuscripts, letters, documents, sheet music for songs based on Poe's poetry, books belonging to Poe, and photographs and portraits.
The collection not only includes finding aids, but also sports a Public Domain logo explaining that all items in the collection are free of copyright restrictions, and can be used freely!
The Australian National Corpus - AusNC - is a discovery service that collates and provides access to various examples of Australian English Text. Text is sourced from published and unpublished works, transcriptions, audio and audio-visual materials. The mission of AusNC is to "serve as a trusted service to collect, store, and provide access to a wide range of samples of Australian language for use in academic research."
Supported by the Australian National Data Service (ANDS) and the Australian Access Federation (AAF), AusNC provides a single sign-on service via a user's institutional login credentials. AusNC incorporates a number of collections from sources such as Australian Radio Talkback, AustLit: The Australian Literature Resource and the International Corpus of English.
Though still in development AusNC provides core functions to users including:
- the ability to search across collections
- the ability to learn about contributed collections and their custodians
- faceted search and query, word frequency and concordance
- the ability to view processed text with annotations, where available
Two key features are protected access to content mediated by the AAF, and secure storage provided by Australian Research Collaboration Service (ARCS) Data Fabric Service.